The keyboard on the first practical typewriter, while simpler, was identcal in arrangement to the keyboard on a twenty-first century laptop. A girl learning touch typing in 1880 took much the same course as an aspiring typist today. -- Joseph R. Conlin: The American Past, Vol.2, 9th edition, Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Boston (2011).
No. The first typewriter had QWERTY keyboard, but its arrangement was different in keys M, C, and X, from QWERTY nowadays. So, in the 1880's, the fingerings of typings were much different from today. For example, Mr. William Ozmun Wyckoff of Ithaca, New York, taught his six-finger typing method to his shorthand pupils at Phonographic Institute, just as follows:
After the keys M, C, and X were moved to the places as seen today, Mrs. Elizabeth Margaret Vater Longley
started to teach her eight-finger typing method at her own school, the Cincinnati Shorthand and Type-Writer Institute:
Mr. Frank Edward McGurrin
of Salt Lake City typed the same sentence as follows:
They used their contemporary typing methods at that time, which were different from today, as I mentioned before